More Unbuilt Services
< return to Unbuilt Services Most other pages in this section break down the history of service station planning based on each road. Here is where we stop doing that.
The UK doesn't have that many major motorways, so it doesn't take long to cross them all off. After that you're left with a load of fiddly, shorter routes, and a few plans which didn't make it very far.
Ministry of Transport policy had always been that short motorways don't need service areas. This was the case for the M50, and the M2 only just slipped through the net. Their exact measurement varied, but they usually said a motorway had to be 30 miles long before they would consider one.
Now that service areas are planned by the private sector, there is no such rule, but the planning authorities will be looking for evidence of a need for a new service area and this is unlikely to be found on a short motorway.
First we look at what was planned for motorways which were never built.
The cancelled cousin of the M11 (see Roads.org.uk and Pathetic Motorways) would have had its own service area to mirror the M11's Chigwell.
The M12's service area would have been in the vicinity of Havering-atte-Bower, about ½ mile north of the village 15 miles from the centre of London. Notes about the proposal say that good landscaping would have been required to reduce the impact on the village.
The Havering-atte-Bower plan replaced a vague proposal for a service area at M25 J28, which assumed that the roundabout that's there today would have been maintained for the M12.
London Oxford Airport Motorway
The 2012 proposal to expand London Oxford Airport included plans for a new motorway between the A34 and the M1.
Those plans included an interchange with the A4129 near Longwick, which had land zoned for a service area in its north-western corner.
This is rather surprising seeing as new service areas are normally an afterthought, but as the entire motorway was a private proposal, the developer could include any services they had in mind too.
The airport expansion plans are unlikely to ever get as far as requiring a new motorway, so the idea of it having a service area is almost fanciful.
Lower Thames Crossing
In 2018, detailed plans for the new motorway between Kent and Essex were published.
This included an exit called Tilbury Junction, primarily provided to allow maintenance access to the tunnel. This also would have included provision for a service area, which was shown clearly in the visualisations. It is unusual for Highways England to suggest a new site for a service area, although they probably weren't expecting to get involved in any of the finer details of it.
In January 2020, a statement from Highways England said:
In the 1970s, a new motorway was planed to cut the corner between the M5 and The Midlands (see Pathetic Motorways).
Traffic would have been directed away from the M5 just before Strensham, so the road needed its own service area. Three possible sites for service stations were considered around Defford and Pershore, at the bottom end of the road.
No service areas were planned at the northern end of the road, but as neither the M69 nor the relevant section of the M42 have any services, some would have been needed.
Western Orbital Motorway
The planned relief road for the West Midlands (see Pathetic Motorways) would have had a service area near its southern end. An opening date of 1995 was given.
Prior to that proposal being confirmed, "several sites" were analysed, generally on its central section, including Holly Bush and High Lodge/Stourton. It was noted that these were in scenic areas.
Since 1992 in England, developers have been solely responsible for coming up with their own proposals for new motorway services. This led to an increase in proposals, but they are normally clustered around the same area and most are quickly ruled out.
New motorway services once planned for the motorways which haven't been covered elsewhere are listed here.
Significant unfulfilled plans for A-road service areas have been included too, but not every once-planned A-road restaurant is here. Service areas which were eventually built are not included in this table.
|Paston||A15/A47 Paston Interchange (east side)||1978||1979||Approved.||Planned by Peterborough Development Corporation, but never developed.|
|Sevenoaks||A21 Sevenoaks Bypass||1987||1987||Withdrawn.||Planned by Mobil.|
|South Weald||A12 Brentwood Bypass||1987||1987||Refused on appeal.||Planned by Trusthouse Forte and Urban Land Properties.|
|Home Farm||A3 Godalming Bypass||1989||1989||Refused.||Planned by Mobil.|
|Gittisham||A30 at Honiton||1990||1990||Refused.||Planned by Blue Star.|
|Blackburn||M65 J5 (north-west corner)||1992||1998||Withdrawn.||Planned by Antler Project Management Ltd.|
|Straightway Head||A30||1992||ongoing||Approved and refused many times. Previously planned by Taylor Catering Foods. 2021 plan launched by MFG in partnership with McDonald's.|
|Brockworth||A417 Shruddington Road (south corner)||1993||1993||Refused.||Refused because it's green belt land with no proven need. Not to be confused with M5 J11A.|
|Bolney Crossways||A23/A272 (centre)||1993||1995||Refused.||Planned by BP and The Raven Group.|
|Burbage||M69 J1||1994||1994||Unknown.||Planned by Galliford. A smaller development was later proposed at Stretton Point.|
|Templepatrick||M2 (NI) J4-5||1994||ongoing||Approved.||Planned by Trusthouse Forte and then Applegreen. North-west side was eventually built after a long wait; the south-east side holds planning permission but has little evidence of progress.|
|Kirkham||M55 J1-3 (Church Road)||1995||1998||Refused on appeal.||Planned by Hallam Land Management. Refused because of the loss of agricultural land and lack of proven need.|
|Kingswell||M77 at J6 (north-east corner)||1995||2008||Withdrawn.||Planned by Kingswell Developments Ltd. Included providing the missing slip roads at this junction. Approved twice, but no developer ever took it forward. Despite this, the 2009 A-Z listed it as an open service station. Plan included a 'Bogland Garden' nature reserve.|
|Bargeddie (Braehead Farm)||M8 J9 (south-west corner)||1996||1997||unknown||Planned by Texaco. Concerned old M8 upgrade proposals. Taken to public inquiry.|
|Gartcosh (Johnston Farm)||M73 J2A (north corner)||1996||2006||Approved.||Described as "roadside facilities" so may not have been a full service area, but the local plan did recommend this land be used as a motorway service area. Opposed by Roadchef.|
|Bargeddie||M8 J9 (north-west corner)||1996||2011||Refused.||Planned by Roadside Developments West Ltd. Concerned old M8 upgrade proposals. Was the council's preferred option. Taken to public inquiry. Records show it was still ongoing in 2011 (!!)|
|Fife||M90 J1B (west side)||1999||2001||Withdrawn.||Planned by Rosyth Leisureparc Limited.|
|Maidenhill||M77 J5 (east side)||2000||2008||Withdrawn.||Planned by Wimpey Homes And Carvill (Scotland) Ltd. Included modifying the junction layout.|
|Stepps (Hornhill Farm)||M80 J3 (south-west corner)||2005||2008||Refused on appeal.||Planned by Cala Management Ltd. Endorsed by 2000 Glasgow and Clyde Valley Structure Plan.|
|Innis Downs||A30 Innis Downs (south-west corner)||2007||2008||Refused.||Planned by Land Planning Group.|
|Northern Ireland||A1 (NI) at Bernish||2009||2011||Withdrawn.||Planned by Lavelle & McAlinden Ltd. Called itself a "motorway" site, as is common in Northern Ireland.|
|Northern Ireland||A1 (NI) at Newry (south-east corner)||2016||2019||Approved.||Planned by Maxol. Leaves space for new link road.|
|Morpeth||A1 at St Leonard's (east side)||2016||ongoing||Approved.||Planned by EG Group.|
|Launceston||A30 (Kennards House south-east corner)||2019||ongoing||Planned by Kivells Ltd.|
|Fife||M90 J4 (south-west corner)||2020||2021||Withdrawn.||With only 3 long vehicle spaces and limited catering, it was unlikely to ever qualify as an MSA, but is still worth noting because there aren't (at the moment) many failed unsigned services at motorway junctions.|
|Kelty (Kathellan Home Farm )||M90 J4 (south-west corner)||2020||2022||Refused.||Basically just a McDonald's and a petrol station - with 3 HGV spaces it's unlikely to qualify as an MSA, but described as one, and Scotland does have a loose definition of the term. Planned by TG Convenience Stores Ltd, rejected as an unjustified development.|
|Laurencekirk||A90 (A937 north-west corner)||2020||ongoing||Approved.||To be integrated into new flyover junction.|
|Hickling||A46 Widmerpool Interchange (south side)||2022||ongoing||Planned by Welcome Break.|