Unbuilt Services On The M62 and M60/M63
For a list of current service areas on the M62, see Services on the M62.
It links two opposite ends of the country, forms the only high-capacity route across the Pennines and carries local traffic around the outskirts of Liverpool, Manchester and West Yorkshire. It is a properly varied motorway. Which meant it needed a good plan for service stations.
The plan for the M62 was as follows: Junction numbers refer to the situation upon opening.
- Burtonwood (J7-9)
- (slight gap as the road passes Manchester)
- SA48: Birch (J18-19)
- SA50: Hartshead Moor (J25-26)
- Methley (J30-31)
- SA84: Hensall (J34-35)
There are two reasons for the gap around Manchester. The first is very literal: Manchester is a major destination where a lot of journeys would be starting and finishing. It's also very difficult to provide a service area in a suburban area with unhappy neighbours and closely-spaced junctions. But this situation may also be a hangover of its history: what's now known as the M62 west of J12 was intended to be a totally different motorway - the M52. Burtonwood may have been first conceived as a service area to serve a different motorway to the M62.
Birch and Hartshead Moor are also spaced further apart than usual, which allows for the difficult engineering conditions west of Huddersfield. As the land begins to flatten, the motorway returned to the more usual spacing of every 12-15 miles. One more service area was provided immediately east of the M62, although that may just be a coincidence.
The M63, which met the M62 at J12 and continued the journey around Manchester, was a mostly urban motorway that did not need any service areas.
The Unused Sites
When the M62 opened in the 1970s, businesses and engineers still believed that the most profitable service stations would be ones near cities. As a result, Burtonwood and Birch were easy to lease. More surprisingly, so was Hartshead Moor. All three opened around the same time as the motorway; Hartshead Moor even hosted the opening ceremony.
As we head further into Yorkshire the story is a little different. The last two sites were never built. Here's what happened - these sites can both be matched up with the map at the top of the page.
With service areas close by on each side, Methley (J30-31) was always intended to be a reserve site: it would only have been built when Hartshead Moor and Hensall reached full capacity.
When the road was built, four clear ghost slips were provided. They were positioned close together which suggests it would have been a small service area. Hungate Lane would have had to be diverted.
With Hensall not being built, there was no chance of Methley ever being built. With hindsight it was not a good site: it is very close to M62 J30, and the land is at risk from mining subsidence.
An even more interesting plan was put forward in 1971. This involved building on one side of the road at both Methley and Hartshead Moor, as happened with the M6 in Cumbria. This would have reduced the construction costs at both sites, but also the profits.
Now that a new service area has been built at Ferrybridge, the site at Methley is now used to hold a sign telling traffic that Ferrybridge is nearby.
Photo from a site visit, before the motorway was built.
Unlike Methley, Hensall services (SA84; J34-35) was all set to go. There was just one thing missing: interest.
Operators were invited to bid to build Hensall services in 1973 and again in 1975, but low forecast traffic levels meant nobody wanted to run it. The Department had hoped that it would be open by 1977. Lack of developer interest was common at the time.
The Road Construction Unit wanted to see a large westbound side, with at least a temporary block of toilets and a kiosk on the eastbound side, on the condition that space was left for a permanent eastbound facility to open in the following 10 years. They would have provided a small footbridge, which they would have expected the operator to build a roof over if the facilities were going to be on one side. Other authorities wanted the eastbound side to open first.
As the site is low-lying and visible from neighbouring properties, only single-storey proposals would have been allowed, and there was a ban on any buildings straddling the road. Dense tree planting was requested, and some parts of the land were reserved for landscaping. The layout would have been dictated by neighbouring properties, which would have needed to be kept away from the noise if they didn't want to sell up.
As a sign of changing times, it was suggested a separate takeaway unit be built in a picnic area (this was removed before the second tender), and it asked operators to be mindful of the need to rearrange the facilities as demands change - a big problem with older service areas. It was also stressed that automated catering alone would not be sufficient. Hotels were specifically forbidden.
The Department expected at least £700,000 to be invested in the proposal, which covered a 40 acre site. At least 200 car parking spaces, 75 spaces for lorries and 12 for coaches were required on each side, as well as 110 toilets. Access would have been provided to Broach Road and Moor Lee Lane.
This would have been one of three services to trial only offering two brands of fuel. An exception to the usual rule where operators can't own two adjacent services was granted to try to get Ross and Granada interested in the plans, but to no avail.
With extremely low traffic levels (predicted to be half of what Burtonwood was receiving), a long list of regulations and complaints from neighbours, Hensall is pretty much the epitome of why operators lost interest in building motorway services during the 1970s. Roadchef specifically said they felt they would not be able to make back the money they would have to invest in it.
When the motorway opened in 1975, four ghost slips were provided. The footbridge was removed on 7 March 1992, the two exit slip roads were removed, and the land was sold in 1996. In 2001 this location would sadly become infamous for being the site of the Great Heck rail crash.
Since 1992, developers have been solely responsible for coming up with their own proposals for new motorway services. Unusually, this hasn't had much impact on the M62 or the M60.
Considering all private proposals, the ones we have uncovered for the M62 and the M63/M60 are:
|Ferrybridge||M62 J32 (north-east corner)||1977||1985||Built.||Britain's first Private Initiative site. Was allowed because no interest had been shown in Hensall.|
|Glews||M62 J36||1989||1989||Refused.||Planned by Emil Malak. The planning application described it as a proposed motorway service area, but this may have been an error. It did eventually open as a local service area.|
|Portwood||M63 J13 (north-west corner)||1988||1991||Unknown.||Planned for what's now M60 J27. Opposed by Department of Transport, who said there was no need.|
|Irlam||M62 J11-12 (Fiddlers Lane)||1996||1996||Withdrawn.||Planned by Lands Improvement Holdings Plc. Was to be combined with a park and ride site.|
|Warrington||M62 J11 (north side)||2018||ongoing||Approved on appeal.||Planned by Extra. Set to be taken to a public inquiry.|